Latest Updates

Showing posts with label LOGISTICS(SCM). Show all posts
Showing posts with label LOGISTICS(SCM). Show all posts

What is a Store?

October 26, 2020

What is a Store?

What is a Store?

The definition of Store for different Business may be different, and its responsibilities can be according to store and product. But here we are talking about the supply chain Stores:

 Store is a place where additional goods are kept, which can be used when needed. And items are also stored in case of problems, such as: Damage, Wrong received, Discrepancy etc. All these are also a part of the store.

Store management "takes care of proper and improper materials when receiving materials, such as: Damage, Wrong, rusty Etc. and works immediately to protect them in the Store, and choosing the right materials and the right place to place them in the right quantity. And that too at a low cost, store management is also responsible for all this.

Purpose of the store In the chain of internal customers and chain of suppliers, the store has many internal customers. Customers are expected to deliver good quality and low-cost delivery from every Suppliers as usual.

The store also has to fulfill its customer's expectations. All of these are activities with responsibility and process that people carry out in the work of the Store.

The aim of the store is to minimize the cost on objective materials, thereby reducing the cost of production.

Maintaining a reasonable price for content so that user departments can get good service. The store does the major work of establishing good coordination with all other departments. In the next blog we'll talk more on this, Thanks 

This is for You:

Warehouse Equipment

October 24, 2020

Warehouse Equipment

Warehouse Equipment

Warehouse Equipment - No matter how good manpower you may have to streamline your warehouse operations, it is the equipment itself that plays a very important role in helping humans to complete a task efficiently.

The processes and approaches done inside the warehouse give results for your business. This is the same principle not only in the warehouse but also for every business in the world.

If we list the equipment and machinery used in warehouses, then we will be very long but we have taken broadly, which we need more.
Even today many warehouses or businesses are unaware of the methods and equipment they need. To increase the speed and efficiency and productivity of materials management in any warehouse or business, then you should have proper equipment.

Many challenges are being seen in the modern warehouse. Such challenges not only affect the running of the warehouse, but also negatively affect production and distribution, if you do not have the appropriate equipment.

Getting or keeping the right equipment for the warehouse will not only reduce the flow of goods through each process area, but will also reduce the possibility of injuries and product damage.

The material handling equipment must conform to the size of the facility warehouse and material. Make sure what equipment is really needed in your warehouse or business.

We will discuss some special and very important equipment of the warehouse so that you do not have any kind of rage, you can see it according to your needs.

Warehouse Material handling equipment

Choosing the wrong equipment can put employees at risk. Therefore its safety should always be your top priority. If you want to optimize your equipment area and workflow, you need quality warehouse equipment to move equipment and cargo.

Warehouse security is also becoming a major issue, choosing the right equipment can make your process more efficient, customizable and qualified and secure, as well as less time consuming for workers. Let us know about the material handling equipment.

1. HPT- Hand pallet Truck- One of the most used equipment in any industry includes - Hand pallet truck - This allows you to easily move small and large cargo from one place to another. As effective methods of handling various heavy objects, they are used:

2. Battery stacker - used to hold items at a height, it is a battery operated device. It is used for heavy duty racking system

3. Forklifts - There are very few people who would not know forklifts, which is also a tool used in almost all types of warehouses like HPT. Forklifts come in many sizes such as: high capacity, weight capacity etc.
However large warehouse corridors are required to bend forklifts.

4. Reach trucks - are the most common equipment used in large warehouses and in heavy duty racking system wall racks, mainly because they have the advantage of working in narrow streets and elevations of up to 14 meters in height. Reach trucks are battery-electric equipment.
Reach trucks include features such as turret trucks, side loaders, order pickers, cranes, and pallet jacks. It is important that you find the best truck to suit your needs.

5. Hydra crane- is used in handling huge and heavy materials. Hydra machines can carry and carry loads of almost any material used in a warehouse.

Peaking Packing Equipment - Packing equipment is very important for any warehouse, peaking packing equipment plays an important role in packing shipping goods faster and helping to increase productivity.

The right packing equipment can reduce labor costs, and provide stability in the process. In addition, packing equipment also improves inventory control by eliminating the possibility of product isolation, saving time in inventory count.

Warehouse Picking Packing Equipment:

BOPT-battery operated pallet truck - is included for loading / unloading and order picking. And they are easy to use, and they are also very fast and powerful. This allows the material to be transported and transported very fast, and can be used by any person, increasing the efficiency of peaking.

Apart from this, some equipment used in peaking packing is given below which is important.
for example :

1. Industrial scales
2. Strapping and banding equipment
3. Stretch Wrap Machines
4. Sealing machine or band sealer machine


As you know, it is important to have equipment in the warehouse, but it is more important that you are handling it, and how much you are looking after it, before and after you buy the equipment. In this, information should be collected, why the equipment is needed, who will handle the equipment, the correct parking place for the equipment is also necessary. How much profit our business is going to make. Many tools have been left in this blog, you will talk about it further. 

Thank you - and my blog is becoming useful for you, so please tell us by commenting.

You Can see it:

Business Solution 

Distribution center vs Warehouse

October 23, 2020

Distribution center vs Warehouse


Distribution center vs Warehouse

Some people want to understand the difference between its Warehouse and Distribution center because of its confusion. These both work for the supply chain and what the supply chain wants is to deliver the right goods, the right price, at the right place and at the right time.

Due to the similar appearance of warehouses and distribution centers, many people will not be clear about the difference between them, and even in the logistics industry the two will not be different for anyone. Even till a few months ago, we also thought that this name is two, but there is no difference between them. 

Then I got to know about it and we reached a distribution center and then I came to know that there is a lot of difference between the warehouse and the distribution center, even though they look the same from outside, but there is a lot of difference in internal work. There are responsibilities to complete each work which is made up of different technical and criteria.

As many of you would be aware that the already existing traditional warehouses are no longer able to meet the supply chain demand. However, many warehouses are being upgraded.

Let us know what is the difference between a distribution center and a warehouse

Typically, warehouses are used to store goods, while many additional services are provided from distribution centers such as: order fulfillment, cross-docking, etc. Distribution center products typically have a much faster expiration period than warehouse. Basically, the process speed of the distribution center works faster in a manifold than in a warehouse.

The main function of a warehouse is to store goods efficiently
, while the main function of a distribution center is to meet customer demands. Typically, orders from warehouses and retail are sent by distribution centers, not from the main warehouse. Again, the warehouse usually does not accept external customers, while the distribution center accepts orders from external customers.

The distribution center mechanism is more complex than that of a warehouse in general. Therefore, the distribution center is equipped with the latest technology to manage the ordering process, warehouse management, transportation management and others.

There are differences between a warehouse and a distribution center and distribution centers keep updating over time. However, if you say that the warehouse is no longer needed, then you are completely wrong. There will be a need for a warehouse, such as seasonal products and according to seasonal demand you will need to stock your items.

There is a clear distinction between a warehouse and a distribution center. If you want to build a warehouse or distribution center, it is a good idea to build it in a strategic industrial area. Let's understand this in a little detail

What is a warehouse?

By the way, you must know what a warehouse is, and we have given many blogs about it, but to understand its difference, let us look at it once more. "Warehouse is a commercial building which means a big building Which are used to hold goods, and warehouse to store and handle goods properly using warehouse scientific methods. They are mainly used by manufacturers, importers, exporters, wholesalers and transportation businesses. Let's go. Warehouses are usually used for storage only.

The warehouse has a loading dock for loading and unloading goods, that is, you can run the warehouse with very little equipment. Warehouse can be anywhere and it should be on the side of the buster road.

What is a distribution center?

A distribution center is a special building designed to store products for everything from retailers to wholesalers, which can be distributed elsewhere or directly to customers. Meaning you can buy goods online or offline from here.

Distribution centers are an integral par
t of the order fulfillment process, especially for online retailers and e-commerce businesses. The normal route of transportation is usually as follows: a retailer sends the product to a distribution center, and then the product is shipped to the consumer customer. 

Because the products move in and out at high speeds, distribution centers are often located in areas where transport facilities are available, such as near major roadways and highways to more efficiently transport and move goods. Many distribution centers are part of a larger network of distributors, set up to serve a larger area.


A warehouse is a storage facility intended to store goods for a long period of time, if compared briefly. And a distribution center is in the form of a warehouse with full fulfillment services and many other benefits. 
In a technology era that is impacting every aspect of normal life, online shopping is creating demand for accessibility and speedy delivery to sustain businesses - such as: 2-day shipping from Amazon or Flipkart Can see Businesses that get their products faster and have streamlined their supply chain management.  

Unlike warehouses, distribution centers are multifunctional, high-energy operations that provide fulfillment services, although the way to obtain those services varies from building construction. Because of that, they are sometimes called "fulfillment stores". They double as a warehouse or can be a warehouse component, although they easily combine with a separate warehouse if they do not have that capability. 

Stocks are placed according to demand in the distribution centers and those goods are shipped elsewhere when the demand is out, in the distribution centers things always work very fast inside a place such as when an order is placed The latter is how businesses can be offered quicker shipping, which also has a hand in improving customer satisfaction and recognition. 

Warehouse's distribution centers are equipped with an abundance of storage technology. For the most part, the system of operation of a distribution center is virtually paperless, as everything can be obtained digitally with the help of computer and handheld technology. Reducing paper records not only accelerates the filing process, but also the amount of space previously required to store boxes of paper records that the company needed to keep. Some distribution centers have more automation than others, and use technology such as conveyor belts, automatic sorting, weighing, and even self-operating ankle boarding. 

Distribution centers also allow greater tracking and transport transparency to the customer and business owner to provide better customer service. Such as: With the use of radio-frequency identification (RFID), GPS, Universal Freight Operating System (UFOS), other technologies or some combination of them, companies are able to track products with great accuracy. Customers and business owners can view their products from the moment they leave the manufacturing plant to successful delivery to the final owner of the product.  

You can see it:

Business Solution 

Warehouse outbound process flow

October 21, 2020

Warehouse outbound process flow 

Warehouse outbound process flow

The Warehouse Outbound Process is initiated under a systematic operation procedure with documents and planning, so that any Material going out of the warehouse can be transferred or sent to the Customer and vendor, and can be easily Managed .

The Outbound process involves a lot of process and there are different complexities in performing these activities. But if the outbound process flow of your warehouse is good then you will be able to manage it easily.

The outbound process in the warehouse consists of the following process with the following document, which you will know step by step here.

Sales-Incharge > Production planning > Step-01 

1. Download Customer order or delivery number in excel sheet from SAP 

2. Distribute customer orders into 3 parts on priority, such as urgent, SALES and stock transfer orders. 

3. Prepare the picklist and picklist. This department has to be managed very smartly because it requires speed and efficiency. 

Picking strategies allow warehouses to better select products for the type and quantity of orders they process. Here are some examples of choosing a strategy: 

Zone picking -Peaks are divided into zones wise in the warehouse, they are responsible for peaking the area in time. If there are many items in a single order for several zones, then that order will go to different zones and done by many pickers. 

Batch picking - Selects all orders for a batch at the same time. In this, the quantity of material of all the orders is picked together, and while packing it is distributed on the basis of customer, this is usually done when it is to be packed. 

Batch picking reduces travel time within a warehouse, which is according to the supply chain. 

4. Print the pick list and pack list and summary sheet 

4. Hand over the pick list to picking supervisor and take the acknowledgement on summary sheet. 

Picker > picking > Step-02 

1. Picklist collects from supervisor and segregate zone or location wise 

2. Supervisor Update Picklist in Control Register and distribute Picklist to Picker 

3. Go to locations with Picking trolley in location sequence as per Pick List 

4. Match Material code in picklist with part in bin location .If not found item in bin location then inform to supervisor to resolve. If yes pick the required Qty. 

5. Enter picking end time in control register 

6. Handover picked materials to Packing section along with pack list 

Packer > Packing > Step-03 

Start packing More focus on QUALITY packing and Start packing and follow the Fourteen "R" Packing rules and sequence

1. Right Pack list: have taken the right picked material and pack list? 

2. Right Part: are you packing the right PART number? 

3. Right Quality: are you packing the good quality part? 

4. Right description: have you checked the description? 

5. Right MOQ: are you packing the right Material order quantity? 

6. Right Quantity: have you checked that you packed the right Quantity? 

7. Right carton: have you used right cartons/consumables in packing? 

8. Right MRP: have you checked that right MRP is affixed? 

9. Right coupon: Have you checked that right coupon is affixed if coupon applicable? 

10. Right marking: have you done the right marking? 

11. Right Filler Material: - Have you used the right filler material and good packing? 

12. Right Case Tag: have you generated and affixed the right case tag on box? 

13. Right Weight: Have you weighed and written the weight on the right box? 

14. Right strapping: have you strapped the box correctly? Do the amendment in pack l ist in any. Scan the pack list for completion. 

Sales Supervisor > planning and invoicing -Step-04 

Production planning and execution 

1. Now sales supervisor will collect the pack list with materials boxes from packing section. 

2. Check with the summary that was given during issuing the pick list to 
packing section. 

3. If not then recheck with packing section and get left any pack list with them. 

4. If there is any dynamic error during PGI (Post goods issue) then follow-up with field and HO. 

5. Now do the invoicing. 

6. Get the invoice printing. 

7. Get the printed invoice signed from authorized person 

8. For dispatch, put all documents in an envelope and allow to dispatch. 

9. file the documents in box file 

10. Permit generate or Apply if applicable 

Dispatch Supervisor > consolidation> Step-05

1. Packed box to be moved in consolidation area or HD rack zone. 

2. Write the Heavy-Duty rack location number on pack list where package material is moved in. 

3. Scan the pack list and download the location and mover name in file

Dispatch Supervisor > Dispatch > Step-06 

Dispatch planning, preparation and FINAL dispatch 

1. Prepared production plan as per SAP system. 

2. Print the ready to dispatch PLAN. 

3. Prepare LOADING sheet . 

4. Hand over the forwarding note and documents to consolidation area - floor staff 

5. Floor staff will pick the case from consolidation area and move to Pre-dispatch area. 

6.Hand over the documents and packed boxes to transporters ( Forwarding note, road permit if   applicable, pack statement , invoice. Dispatch incharge ensures that all boxes handed over to   transporter are properly packed , strapped , weighted , no damaged box given . 

7.Take the acknowledgement on forwarding note with al l documents from transporters. 

8. Transporter checks the boxes as per case no mentioned in forwarding note and AFFIX the transporter docket stickers on each box 

9. Transporter makes the GC and mentioned the details on it Permit no , permit expiry date, customer name , customer full address, destination , state document 

Supervisor >Dispatch > Step-07 

Dispatch planning, preparation and FINAL dispatch, documents filing. 

1. Prepared the loading sheet 

2. Loading supervisor will check each case number as per loading sheet while transporter loading the vehicle and Get the sign from transporter and security guard and self signature also. 

DEO>Dispatch >Step-08 

Shipment creating and complete  
collect the complete set of documents from transporter and Check the all documents with forwarding note and complete the shipment process in System in SAP. 

Here we talked about the warehouse outbound working process.
There are many points that we have to skip like this: Order processing, ordering etc. Because all this was not possible in a blog. But we will cover it one by one in the next blog.

If you want any help related to warehouse process or system or you have any suggestions, you can email us. Thank you !

This is also for you:

You can follow me on Facebook page and join my group.

Facebook Page :  Facebook Group

What are the types of logistics services?

October 20, 2020

What are the types of logistics services?

What are the types of logistics services?

As we all know that the Logistics Service acts like a large-scale chain network, logistics is an elaborate organization responsible for carrying out various delivery and shipment related tasks. Whenever you buy any goods online from any store, you can assume that our goods will be received by some logistics, these are the logistics that take care of your shipment, and make sure that you Find the right product in your hand. 

The e-commerce business has contributed significantly to the economy and so have this logistics. Without logistics, it could never have been possible to implement a concept of e-commerce. 

Today we know about some types of logistics service and their responsibilities, mostly four types of logistics service are working, 

What is the First party Logistics services- (1PL)

A goods manufacturer or a retailer or buyer or a person who has his own transportation to carry or send goods from Point A to Point B, and also has a department to handle these goods. Reaches customer or company or recipient, and in this case the manufacturer or retailer or buyer does not outsource third party transportation or other logistics activities. 

First party logistics is mostly done by a manufacturing company which is internally operated logistics. These companies store the goods in their warehouse after production and distribute the goods from their vehicles to the customers, meaning all the functions of these companies are done by the company's own departments. 

What is the Second party Logistics services - (2PL)

A goods manufacturer or goods retailer or buyer or a person who uses a 2PL company to send goods from Point A to Point B to a customer or company, and the 2PL company delivers that goods to the customer or to the recipient. is. In such a situation, customers or recipients were second parties for the 2PL company. . This process is called second party logistics. 

You can see some companies here which usually work as 2PL.
  • Sea shipping lines
  • Airlines
  • railway
  • Trucking companies

What is the Third party Logistics services - (3PL)

3PL is a service that provides you with all types of operational services ranging from warehousing to delivery, such as Transportation, Stores, Management or Goods Forwarding etc. 

Third party Logistics is responsible for all these activities, and plays it very well so that you can focus on other parts of your business.

Third party Logistics Company provides
any kind of services with any logistics in the supply chain. This includes materials from storage to storage, warehousing, picking and packing, inventory forecasting, order fulfillment, packaging, and freight forwarding.

As you must have read above that online shopping is not possible without logistics, similarly Third-Party Logistics Company is very important in supply chain.

What is the Fourth party Logistics services - (4PL)

Fourth Party Logistic service provider has a broad role in supply chain management. 
A 4PL Logistic typically directs all types of process running within the customer's supply chain and acts as a point of contact by engaging with all parties involved. Thank You!

You can see it also:

You can follow me on Facebook page and join my group.

Facebook Page :  Facebook Group

What is inbound process in Warehouse?

October 18, 2020

What is inbound process in Warehouse?

What is inbound process in Warehouse?

Inbound flow to any warehouse starts when items arrive in the warehouse from a company, either from inside sources or from another company.
Handling or receiving products in a warehouse is done by (SOP) Standardization Operating Procedure. 

Inbound can be any product such as: raw materials, food items, packets, boxes, etc. And the warehouse can be of any type, big or small, ie it depends on how the warehouse and the goods are.

Are you using the Inbound process to get warehouse goods, or are you just getting them? It is very important. If your warehouse (WMS) is based, you can do some things under WMS, but if your warehouse is not very automated, then you need to build a good Inbound Process and deploy properly. Here we will talk about a common warehouse inbound Process that you can use for any warehouse. It mentions work with responsibility, so let's see.

Security Guard - Gate Entry > Step-01

Supplier document Verification - The security takes the document from the driver, then checks its accuracy to see if it has the following documents. 

1. Original for buyer invoice and duplicate for transporter invoice 

2. Transporter LR copy Loading receipt copy

3. Road permit
4. ASN (autonomous system number) number on invoice. if documents are ok, then hand over them to DEO (Data entry operator) for GE (Gate entry) process. 

Gate entry DEO  > Gate entry  >Step-02   

1. DEO Takes the documents from security Guard. 

2. Check the ASN number written on the invoice in SAP. If the ASN does not exist, send an email to the buyer to get the ASN. 

3. Check the invoice qty in SAP. against due qty, If not ok, get approval from buyer. 

Gate Entry DEO- Gate entry- Step -03 

Process the Gate entry and Use SAP T CODE and put the following details. 

1. ASN number 

2. Enter all all details DC, gate pass, Truck number, transporter 
name, GC, vehicle etc. 

3. check and put the ASN number, invoice number, part number and qty and click on item OK. 

4. if all are ok, then post Now Gate entry number 

Security Guard- Gate entry- Step -04

Security takes the following documents from gate entry DEO. 

1. Security guard Fill up the INBOUND CONTROL SHEET. 

2. The security guard assigns documents to the Receipt Department DEO for further process 

Receipt DEO- Vehicle Unloading - Step -05 

1. Enter the details in Inbound production control file and material receipt register ( in excel)

2. Generate the Counting sheet in Excel

3 sets stationery for the HOT and general parts separately for completed Invoices and take the print.

4. Generate the security case tag for no of cases received as per LR .

5. Security takes the case tag and call the vehicle for

Security > Unloading > Step-06

1. Call the truck and Ensure that driver has applied the hand brake before getting down from the truck. 

2. Note the time the vehicle enters the warehouse 

In the tracking register 

3. Update the Inbound control board 

Unloading Dock Supervisor > Unloading > Step 07  

1. Arrange Pallet and HOPT 

2. Start the truck Unloading with unloading sheet" 

3. Put the security guard CASE label in the box /tag on each box 

4. Check the received condition of Parts 

5. Verify No of Consignments received 

6. Do not place a heavy box on a light weight box 

7. Properly stacked material on the plate 

Unloading dock supervisor > Unloading > Step 08

1. Move the materials to Counting area. 

2. HOT Material and general parts to be moved separately in bin location. 

3. HOT Material to be checked on priority , and moved to direct location. 

immediately no staging in receipt. 

4. Binner must be available for HOT Material 

Unloading dock supervisor and Security Guard > POD > Step 09

1. Entry vehicle time out in Material register. 

2. Stamp on LR 

3. Received Pkg 

4. Give the remarks If Damage/Excess/Shortage in consignment escalate to your superior 

5. Make the endorsement on LR then Hand Over to driver and 
update the tracking sheet 

Receipt Supervisor > Checking- physical part verification

1. Collect the counting sheet from Receipt DEO 

2. Verify the Material code and qty with Counting sheet 

3. Check the condition of goods branding, damages, rust, 
expired etc. 
4. Fasteners to be checked by ratio counting weighing 

5. Reports any discrepancy on Counting sheet 

6. Move the material along with 2 sets of Counting to prepacking section. 

7. Hand over the Direct to BIN (HOT ) parts to Binner for binning 

8. Hand over the Counting sheet to receipt DEO to GRN 

9. Receipt DEO to escalate to buyer if any discrepancy reports 

10. Lodge an insurance if applicable. 

11. Update the Visual control board 

Supervisor > Prepacking.> Value added productivity

1. Material feeder will position pallet and material to value added 

table ready to take next feed. 

2. Check the MOQ Quantity and MDQ Quantity in id Label and Counting sheet 

3. Check the Type of Packing 

4. Do the sample checking and sign on FIRST piece before prepacking 

5. Packer will make the Box 

6. Prepare Pouch and paste ID label on it 

7. Seal Pouch 

8. Position Material in Bin Storage location pallet 

9. Update the packer performance monitor sheets. 

10. Update the date and times in production file. 

11. Position Empty pallets in the Binning Staging area 

Binner (Store Incharge) > Material Movement from receipt and prepacking to binning and BIN updation in SAP

1. Counting sheet is taken from pre packing supervisor 

2. Material is taken from prepacking / receipt staging zone. 

3. Material moved in BIN DROP staging zone 

4. Segregate the Material zone wise 

5. Move the material to right bin in RIGHT location. 

6. Update the Binner performance monitor sheets. 

7. Update the BIN number in SAP. 

Receipt DEO > GRN

1. Check and entry the correct qty in Migo. 

2. Enter Short qty if short received from vendor 

3. click on Check 

4. if all are ok, then post 

5. Note down GRN number in invoice 


I do not know if this is Inbound process according to your warehouse or not, but you can make a good inbound process with its help. SOP is very important for any operation.

The standard operating procedure is a set of instructions from any organization that helps workers conduct routine operations and SOP aims to follow the rules of any operation and achieve efficiency and quality while minimizing miscommunication and failure It does the work of conducting.

If you have any query related to it or you want to know something else or tell something, then please email us and comment. Thank You!

You can see it:

You can follow me on Facebook page and join my group.

Facebook Page :  Facebook Group


Copyright (c) 2020 All Right Reseved

Copyright © Business Management . businessesmanagement | Distributed By Business Management Templates