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Six Sigma Methodology

October 27, 2020

Six Sigma Methodology 

Six Sigma Methodology

Six Sigma has two methods DMAIC and DMADV, each with its own set of recommended procedures to be implemented for business transformation.
Six Sigma uses two different sets of methodology as lenses to examine and address complementary aspects of business processes.
Each method has its own data and tools, through which it can be used to improve business processes.

What is DMAIC? 

DMAIC is a data-driven approach that is used to improve existing customers or services, and also to improve customer satisfaction. DMAIC is used in a product manufacturing organization or any service delivery company.

 DMAIC has five steps

D - Define

M-take measures

A -Analyze

I - improve

C -control

What is DMADV?

DMADV is a part of Six Sigma design, DMADV is used to redesign the processes of product manufacturer or service delivery. 

Remember DMADV is employed when existing processes do not meet customer requirements, meaning DMADV is used to replace your existing processes, or even if your product or project needs to be developed DMADV Is required.

DMADV has five steps:




D- Design


Difference Between DMAIC and DMADV

DMAIC is used, or will be, when you are trying to improve or develop a process that already exists, meaning your product or If there is a need to improve or develop a little project.

DMADV is used when redesign is to redesign your product or project. By the way, the purpose of both the methods is the same, to solve the problem of your business in a complete way. 


The six Sigma process begins with a customer-centric approach.

stage 1: Business problem is defined from the customer's point of view.
stage 2: The target has been set. What do you want to achieve What resources will you use to achieve the goal?

stage 3: map the process. Together with stakeholders verify whether you are on the right track.


MEASURE- In this, you need the data of the instruments used to make measurements, and also need to know the answers to some questions. How can we improve? How can we determine this?
stage 1: Measure your problem data with data on how to improve.
stage 2: Evaluate the data system to be improved, then you will know whether it can help you achieve your result or not?


This is the process to find the affected Variable, which enables us to analyze.
stage1: 100 percent Determine if your process is efficient and effective, can the process help you achieve what you want?

stage 2: Set your goals. For example, reduce defective items by 20%.

stage 3: Identify differences using your old data.


This process examines how the effect of your old data changes to the new data, this stage is where you identify how you can improve the process by implementing it.

Stage 1: identify possible causes.
Stage 2: Discover the relationship between Variable.


In this final stage, you determine whether the performance and purpose identified in the previous stage are implemented well, and whether the designed improvements are sustainable.

stage 1:
Validate the measurement system used.

stage 2: establish process capability. Whether the goal is being met or not? For example, is the goal of reducing defective items up to 20 percent achievable?

stage 3: Once the previous stage is satisfied, implement the process.

Six sigma technique 

The Six sigma method also uses a mixture of Proven qualification and quantitative techniques to achieve desired results.

A : Brainstorming 
B : Root cause analysis
C : Voice of the customer
D: The 5s system
E: Kaizen
F: Benchmarking
G: Poka -Yoka / Mistake proofing
H: Value Strem Maping


Brainstorming is an important process of any problem solving method and is often used in the "improvement" phase of the DMAIC method.

Before starting any tool, it must be a necessary process. Create a group and brainstorm and sit with everyone and creatively raise the problem and then implement it.

Root Cause Analysis/The 5 Whys 

This technique helps to get to the root of the problems under consideration, and is used in the "analysis" phase of the DMAIC cycle.

5 Why 

5why In this technique, the question of "why" is asked repeatedly, eventually leading to the main issue. Although "five" is a rule of thumb, the actual number of questions can be more or less, whatever it takes to get clarity.

Voice of the Customer 

It is a process used to capture the "voice of the customer" or the customer's response through internal or external means. The aim of technology is to provide the best products and services to the customer.

It captures the changing needs of the customer in direct and indirect ways. The voice of the customer technique is used in the "Defined" phase, usually to address the problem.

The 5S System 

The purpose of the 5S system is to remove waste and remove obstacles from unskilled equipment, equipment, or resources in the workplace. The five stages used are ciri (sort), citan (set in order), ciso (shine), csetsu (standardized), and shitsuke (susten). The 5S system will be known to many of you and we have also written a blog.

Kaizen (Continuous Improvement) 

Kaizen technology is a powerful strategy, which powers a continuous engine to improve business. It makes it a practice to continuously monitor, identify and implement reforms.

This is a particularly useful practice for the manufacturing sector. Ensures collective and ongoing improvement, and helps make immediate changes.

Poka-yoke (Mistake Proofing) 

The name of this technique comes from Japanese phrases, meaning "to avoid errors," and prevents the possibility of mistakes being made.
In the poka-yoke technique, employees overcome disabilities and human errors during the manufacturing process.

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fear of starting a business

October 27, 2020

fear of starting a business


fear of starting a business

Business Fear- Do you also have the feeling that we can never do business or own a company or any business because we do not know much in this field, or we do not have highest degree So we cannot succeed in business. So, this concern is not justified at all, you can do all this without worry.

Do you really have such thoughts in your mind that it is difficult to do business and only very educated people can do it, and can be successful.

Always remember that you do not need to know everything, there is no perfect in this world, no person can learn everything.

There are 1 million ways to do something,

But by adopting only a few principles a successful person, he becomes successful.

The person who ignores the expression principles and tries new methods every day, is sure to get into trouble, but it also succeeds but it has little risk.

The good thing about learning any topic is that you don't have to learn everything - you just need to understand the important concept very well, which is the most valuable.

Once you understand the concept and principle of any work, then your knowledge is sure to increase, and your progress will become easier.

Not much experience is required.

People always feel that it is very difficult to do business. Friends this is not rocket science. If you are a complete novice in business, do not worry, you can teach business, for this you can read the book, nowadays there are many online classes which provide training for business, you can also help our blog is.

No answer questions

You have to understand that there is no answer to any question. Education is a way of answering all questions.

Wrong thinking

Right thinking

It is very risky to do any business, and also very difficult

Uncertainty or risk is always present in every work, and in business, management can also be done, and risk can be reduced.

You have to make a lot of money before building your business.

Raising capital is necessary only if you want to achieve something that is not possible without it: making a factory.

Friends, even today, many people believe in such things, that starting a business is not a child's game, it is very risky, and there is a lot of tension in it, You will have to plan a lot, need a lot of money, business To start, you have to take a loan, and there is not even a chance to succeed.

Stay away from such people, because people with such mindset are not ethical

Their mental is not right, you should have basic knowledge in whatever work you do, you can acquire it from anywhere, and you can start your business.

You start your business, do not be afraid, and you can, there will be some difficulties, but we are with you, you will leave soon .

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What is a Store?

October 26, 2020

What is a Store?

What is a Store?

The definition of Store for different Business may be different, and its responsibilities can be according to store and product. But here we are talking about the supply chain Stores:

 Store is a place where additional goods are kept, which can be used when needed. And items are also stored in case of problems, such as: Damage, Wrong received, Discrepancy etc. All these are also a part of the store.

Store management "takes care of proper and improper materials when receiving materials, such as: Damage, Wrong, rusty Etc. and works immediately to protect them in the Store, and choosing the right materials and the right place to place them in the right quantity. And that too at a low cost, store management is also responsible for all this.

Purpose of the store In the chain of internal customers and chain of suppliers, the store has many internal customers. Customers are expected to deliver good quality and low-cost delivery from every Suppliers as usual.

The store also has to fulfill its customer's expectations. All of these are activities with responsibility and process that people carry out in the work of the Store.

The aim of the store is to minimize the cost on objective materials, thereby reducing the cost of production.

Maintaining a reasonable price for content so that user departments can get good service. The store does the major work of establishing good coordination with all other departments. In the next blog we'll talk more on this, Thanks 

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Business plan example

October 26, 2020

Business plan example 

How to write a Business plan

A business plan is a formal written document in which we set our business goals, and how we achieve these goals and the time frame for achieving these goals. It gives background information about the nature of business, organization. This document serves as a road map that provides direction to the business 

A business plan can be in the form of a document or (SOP) Standard Operating Procedure that will explain how a business or company will achieve its goals.  

Why a plan is important for business:
Usually people think a little bit about what they do and start a business, they do not know that business will not live on just thinking. 

And you must have seen that many people stop before their business starts, the main reason is that they have no plans, no goals, no strategies. These small entrepreneurs, in particular, do so quickly and start the business very quickly. 

There may be different plans for different businesses like: Assuming you have to trade vegetables, you will not need GST registration, and if you have to open a computer shop, you will have to take GST registration. 

So you have to plan in different business in different ways. These are the following: But we will talk about some plans which you will be able to use in any business. lets see. 


Team: In this, you have to determine who is the person who is going to run or run your business or your business or you are going to run alone. 

If yes, ask yourself if we have the knowledge, time, or dedication to this business knowledge, time, or business and if you have a team, does it have the knowledge, time, dedication, Honesty, and experience It is very important to know and write. Many big companies do this work through human resource management. 

Market opportunity or demand 

Market opportunity or demand: You have to understand this carefully, it has done a lot of work for you, many people do not understand the demand of the market, and start a business based on their knowledge and then do not run. , Then curses on his luck and on his experience. 

For example: Suppose you have both interest and knowledge in making bicycle, but at the moment there is no demand in the market, obviously if you do this business then you will not survive. You have to see what the market is giving you in this work, if you replace this bicycle with electronic, its dimand will increase in the market. 

Friends, you have to think and understand in which field our experience is and what is the demand in the market, and what opportunity is that market giving you. 

Understand from another example that you have experience in hotel field and you have set a market where you want to open a hotel - then first you have to know what kind of demand there is for the people there. 

Such as: There are more hotels but there are many eaters, they have to stay longer, or the quality of the hotel is not good, as we are going to keep, or that food is selling very expensive, all these types of demand have to be seen. you. 

And speaking of opportunity, what can you do better than better to increase the demand of those who buy. I assure you; you will rule the people and the market. 

Features and benefits of your product 

Features and benefits of your product- Features and benefits of your product - Here you first need to understand that the product we will sell, or make, how much will it cost and how much profit will we get in it. 

And at the same time how much is the quality in it or is there no value for money for the buyer. Somewhere you are not sure if you are going to sell a product of 5 rupees for 20 rupees, and the quality is also not good, you decide that we will always sell or make good quality products. 

You should never make the mistake that by imposing higher costs and coming into the competition of the market, selling the work for profit and making a loss, the business will not last long. So, take care of value for money and take care of cost, savings, and quality. 

Business value 

Business value: How much money do you want to start from business? See, it can have different value in different business like: If you have to do business of vegetable then you will be able to start from 500 to 1000, but if you want to do business of jewelry then you have to spend millions. 

Now it is my opinion that in the initial phase, you start with very little money whether it is any kind of business, and increase it slowly and one day it will turn into a big business. 

Target customer 

Target customer: This topic is also very important, here you have to have a goal to bring the customer to your business and to sell the product. 

Are you a businessman who stays in your shop or office with newspaper throughout the day, then the business will not last long. 

Suppose you are a shopkeeper, and you do not have customers coming, then you have to advertise your business and product even after sitting at your shop and watching TV, no matter what method you use; social media, mobile phone, Visiting Card etc. 

If possible, meet the people, tell us that we have opened a shop, in which this is a product, etc., and keep the target that if this customer does not come then we will not sit in peace. 

Marketing strategy 

Marketing strategy: This is the subject of learning. There is more than a thousand strategies for marketing, which people are using, and it is being used very fast in big companies or businesses, the most popular of which is buy one get one free buy one, get another for free etc.. 

There are many strategies that will be learned in our blog ahead. The best strategy is that how you form and maintain a relationship with the customer will depend on you and your team's experience. 

Business competitor 

Business competitor- See where you are going to do business, or if you are not your competitor, it is very good and if it is, then you will learn a lot from it. Such as: how does he sell his product, for how much money, how do customers come to him and so on, etc. 

You would know this much if you are determined to do business. Here you have to take the challenge, and as much as you can and get ahead. If your plan is right and you are starting the business with the right loyalty, then you will definitely reach the destination. My cooperation is with you go for it now. 

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Examples of competitive advantage in Business

October 25, 2020

Examples of competitive advantage in Business 

Business competitive advantage Examples

You should be afraid of your Business competition, which never worries you, but is always working to improve your own business. 

When a Businessman starts a business for the first time, he has to face the fact that there are already other businesses in the market that are offering the same or similar products or services, after knowing that almost all the businessmen Trustworthiness staggers - it is simple but good businessmen are still facing it. Some do not start fearing and some are returned. But now you don't have to be afraid.  

Be lucky - there are some hidden advantages of competition - you have to say that you have two markets to start the business, the first one where you have no competitor. And another market where there is even more rival related to your business. So which one will you choose - more and more people will say that we will choose where our opponent is not - but blame if we say that you should choose the place where your opponent is. 

"Why" because you know from the beginning that there is a customer for that product, in that market only then your competitor is sitting in that market. The biggest risk to the people is that whether our product is the customer in the market or not. So this risk is over you. 

The existence of the market means that you are on the right side of the iron rule of the market from the beginning. Now you do not have to take time to prove that the market exists.  

Instead, you can spend more time developing your product or you can develop a better product than your competitor. If many successful businesses are serving a market, then there is no worry that you are investing in a closed street business. You already know that people are buying. 

The best way to see what your potential competitors are doing is to become a customer. Purchase products from as many competitors as possible. By observing your competition from within, you can learn a lot more about the market: what the competition offers, how they attract attention, how much they pay, how they sell, how they make customers happy, how do they deal with problems? 

And most important is to notice what requirements they are not meeting. Before being devoted to a particular strategy, you as a customer have a chance to see what works, and what doesn't, learn everything you can from your competitors, and then also ask them Make valuable things. 

Competition barrier -  

Do not compete with the competition making them irrelevant. If you do not waste too much time and energy on what your competition is doing, and spend it in your business, then it will be good for your business. 

Think of a company like Apple - there is no other company in the technology world that focuses less on its competitors. Instead, it focuses on creating an entirely new and remarkable thing, then tries to make it more and more ideal. 

On the other hand, Apple's competitors are engaged in endless competition to compete. When Apple launched iPhone in 2006, blackberry copied many of its various features by creating a storm in the calamity. By the time Storm came on the market, the iPhone had gone through several iteration cycles, making it very difficult for blackberry to compete. 

Apple has sold more than 100 million iPhones throughout the world so far.  
Every improvement you make to your value flow improves your position, and makes it more difficult for your potential competitors to compete. 

Not only do you increase your ability to create and deliver value efficiently and effectively, but you also make it more difficult for your competitors to copy. 

The more you benefit and serve every customer, the more difficult it is for competitors to copy you. Do not focus on competing. Your competition will end automatically. Thank you!

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Warehouse Equipment

October 24, 2020

Warehouse Equipment

Warehouse Equipment

Warehouse Equipment - No matter how good manpower you may have to streamline your warehouse operations, it is the equipment itself that plays a very important role in helping humans to complete a task efficiently.

The processes and approaches done inside the warehouse give results for your business. This is the same principle not only in the warehouse but also for every business in the world.

If we list the equipment and machinery used in warehouses, then we will be very long but we have taken broadly, which we need more.
Even today many warehouses or businesses are unaware of the methods and equipment they need. To increase the speed and efficiency and productivity of materials management in any warehouse or business, then you should have proper equipment.

Many challenges are being seen in the modern warehouse. Such challenges not only affect the running of the warehouse, but also negatively affect production and distribution, if you do not have the appropriate equipment.

Getting or keeping the right equipment for the warehouse will not only reduce the flow of goods through each process area, but will also reduce the possibility of injuries and product damage.

The material handling equipment must conform to the size of the facility warehouse and material. Make sure what equipment is really needed in your warehouse or business.

We will discuss some special and very important equipment of the warehouse so that you do not have any kind of rage, you can see it according to your needs.

Warehouse Material handling equipment

Choosing the wrong equipment can put employees at risk. Therefore its safety should always be your top priority. If you want to optimize your equipment area and workflow, you need quality warehouse equipment to move equipment and cargo.

Warehouse security is also becoming a major issue, choosing the right equipment can make your process more efficient, customizable and qualified and secure, as well as less time consuming for workers. Let us know about the material handling equipment.

1. HPT- Hand pallet Truck- One of the most used equipment in any industry includes - Hand pallet truck - This allows you to easily move small and large cargo from one place to another. As effective methods of handling various heavy objects, they are used:

2. Battery stacker - used to hold items at a height, it is a battery operated device. It is used for heavy duty racking system

3. Forklifts - There are very few people who would not know forklifts, which is also a tool used in almost all types of warehouses like HPT. Forklifts come in many sizes such as: high capacity, weight capacity etc.
However large warehouse corridors are required to bend forklifts.

4. Reach trucks - are the most common equipment used in large warehouses and in heavy duty racking system wall racks, mainly because they have the advantage of working in narrow streets and elevations of up to 14 meters in height. Reach trucks are battery-electric equipment.
Reach trucks include features such as turret trucks, side loaders, order pickers, cranes, and pallet jacks. It is important that you find the best truck to suit your needs.

5. Hydra crane- is used in handling huge and heavy materials. Hydra machines can carry and carry loads of almost any material used in a warehouse.

Peaking Packing Equipment - Packing equipment is very important for any warehouse, peaking packing equipment plays an important role in packing shipping goods faster and helping to increase productivity.

The right packing equipment can reduce labor costs, and provide stability in the process. In addition, packing equipment also improves inventory control by eliminating the possibility of product isolation, saving time in inventory count.

Warehouse Picking Packing Equipment:

BOPT-battery operated pallet truck - is included for loading / unloading and order picking. And they are easy to use, and they are also very fast and powerful. This allows the material to be transported and transported very fast, and can be used by any person, increasing the efficiency of peaking.

Apart from this, some equipment used in peaking packing is given below which is important.
for example :

1. Industrial scales
2. Strapping and banding equipment
3. Stretch Wrap Machines
4. Sealing machine or band sealer machine


As you know, it is important to have equipment in the warehouse, but it is more important that you are handling it, and how much you are looking after it, before and after you buy the equipment. In this, information should be collected, why the equipment is needed, who will handle the equipment, the correct parking place for the equipment is also necessary. How much profit our business is going to make. Many tools have been left in this blog, you will talk about it further. 

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